Russia and Ukraine clash in Kerch Strait off Crimea. Ukrainian navy men wounded

Coat of Arms of the Principality of Abkhazia. While the churches worked out their differences and came to an agreement, Nicholas I of Russia and the French Emperor Napoleon III refused to back down. Nicholas issued an ultimatum that the Orthodox subjects of the Empire be placed under his protection. Frustrated by the wasted effort, and with demands for action from their russia and Ukraine clash in Kerch Strait off Crimea. Ukrainian navy men wounded, the allied force decided to attack Russia’s main naval base in the Black Sea at Sevastopol on the Crimean peninsula.

Sevastopol fell after eleven months, and neutral countries began to join the Allied cause. Isolated and facing a bleak prospect of invasion from the west if the war continued, Russia sued for peace in March 1856. This was welcomed by France and Britain, as their subjects were beginning to turn against their governments as the war dragged on. The Crimean War was one of the first conflicts to use modern technologies such as explosive naval shells, railways, and telegraphs. The war was one of the first to be documented extensively in written reports and photographs. As the legend of the “Charge of the Light Brigade” demonstrates, the war quickly became an iconic symbol of logistical, medical and tactical failures and mismanagement.

As the Ottoman Empire steadily weakened during the 19th century, Russia stood poised to take advantage by expanding south. In some sense the Crimean war was predestined and had deep-seated causes. Neither Nicholas I nor Napoleon III nor the British government could retreat in the conflict for prestige once it was launched. In the early 1800s, the Ottoman Empire suffered a number of setbacks which challenged the existence of the country. The Serbian Revolution in 1804 resulted in the self-liberation of the first Balkan Christian nation under the Ottoman Empire. France took the opportunity to occupy Algeria in 1830.