On Christmas Day, the Christ Candle in the center of the Advent wreath is traditionally lit in many church services. Set of Christmas decorations “Red and green” 6 pieces decorations in a private home, Europe.
A Christmas decoration is any of several types of ornamentation used at Christmastime and the greater holiday season. In many countries, such as Sweden, people start to set up their Advent and Christmas decorations on the first day of Advent. A Christmas tree inside a home. The Christmas tree was first used by German Lutherans in the 16th century, with records indicating that a Christmas tree was placed in the Cathedral of Strassburg in 1539, under the leadership of the Protestant Reformer, Martin Bucer. Figural glass Christmas ornaments originated in the small town of Lauscha, Germany in the latter half of the 19th century. The town had long produced fine glassware.
The production of Christmas ornaments became a family affair for many people. Some families invested 16 hours a day in production. Prizes were awarded to the family producing the finest examples. Santa Clauses, angels, birds, animals, and other traditional Yuletide subjects were favorites. Woolworth discovered these glass ornaments on a toy and doll buying trip to Sonnenburg, Germany in the 1890s.
He sold them in his “five and ten cent” stores in America. The ornaments were said to have contributed to Woolworth’s great business success. For the American market, figures were blown depicting comic book characters as well as patriotic subjects such as Uncle Sams, eagles, and flags. Glassblowers have held on to the old molds. Glass ornaments are still created from these old molds. A clear glass tube is heated over an open flame.
It is then inserted into a mold. The glassblower then blows into the end of the tube. The glass expands to fill the mold. The glass takes on the shape of the mold. A silver nitrate solution is swirled about inside the ornament. This gives the ornament a silver glow.
The outside of the ornament is painted or decorated with metal trims, paper clippings, etc. Cotton batting Christmas ornaments were popular during the years of the German Christmas toy and decoration boom at the turn of the century. They were exported in large numbers to the United States. These decorations suggested puffs of snow.
Fruits and vegetables were popular subjects and often had a realistic appearance. African American and patriotic characters were fashioned for the American market. Assembling these decorations was a cottage industry. Cotton batting was wound around a wire frame resembling a human or animal. A face was either painted on or a lithograph cut-out was affixed to the batting.